There has been a lot of talk about diabetes in the past few years more-so than ever before, and that’s because the numbers of affected individuals are skyrocketing, not only in America but all over the world. This might sound cliché, but it’s largely because people have stopped taking their health seriously. Seriously?

With all the food apps, weekend deals and fast-paced lives of today, there’s not much room for other activities. Obesity has become an epidemic and sadly it doesn’t look like it’s going to stop any time soon! It’s funny how people are comfortable with sloth-like behavior. ‘Do as little as you can to get by’ kind of thing. Somebody has to smack ‘em upside the head and give them a reality check!

So, this is going to be just that!

What are the causes of diabetes, how to recognize the symptoms of diabetes and what you can do treat it are some pressing questions that you should know the answers to!

What is diabetes?

When your body doesn’t regulate glucose or blood sugar the way it’s supposed to resulting in increased levels of glucose in the blood, this condition is referred to as diabetes. Normally, the pancreas secretes insulin that regulates glucose levels, especially after a meal. Glucose is taken up the cells of the body and used for energy.

In diabetes, theirs is either little or no insulin production, hence the glucose remains in the blood instead of inside the cells where it’s supposed to be. Make sense? Good.

There are different types of diabetes, the most common being Type 1 and Type 2.

What is diabetes type 1?

Type 1 DM is also called juvenile diabetes because it typically begins in childhood. In T1DM, the insulin producing cells of the pancreas are destroyed by the body’s own cells, also known as an autoimmune process.

Studies suggest that there are certain genes responsible for causing T1DM along with other environmental triggers. Yep, your own body goes against you, if you’re lucky enough to be genetically susceptible. Just to be politically correct.

It ultimately results in high blood sugar levels. The real bummer is that it is an insulin-dependent condition, which means that daily insulin shots is the only way to manage it effectively.

What is diabetes type 2

Type 2 DM differs from Type 1 because,

a) it’s not insulin dependent

b) it typically begins in adulthood, though can occur at any age

c) the pancreas does produce insulin but the cells become resistant to it, a phenomenon known as insulin resistance.

In this case, your body cells don’t attack you, but instead develop an attitude and aren’t as inviting as they should be, for glucose. Again, resulting in hyperglycemia.

What causes diabetes?

There are many factors involved in the development of diabetes such as:

  • Obesity

  • Genetics

  • Poor eating habits

  • Smoking

  • Other medical conditions associated with insulin resistance

  • Inactivity

  • Family history

  • Miscellaneous environmental triggers

  • Stress

  • Drug-induced

  • Gestational

For more details on the causes of diabetes, please visit

Signs and symptoms of diabetes

The most common diabetes signs include:

  • Peeing more, especially at night

  • Feeling thirsty throughout the day

  • Increased appetite

  • Unexplained weight gain

  • Recurrent vaginal or vulva infections in females

Besides these, there are a couple of important signs and symptoms that your doctor may not have, but should have told you about!

  1. Diabetic gastropathy

When your tummy starts acting up all of a sudden, it may be due to diabetes. Stomach contractility begins to slow down, muscle tone is affected and overall it becomes extremely sensitive and leads to:

  • indigestion

  • frequent upset stomach,

  • nausea

  • vomiting

  • bloating

It is the result of poor glycemic control. Your doctor may advise endoscopy to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms. Good luck with that!

2. Diabetic neuropathy

If you begin to feel a tingling sensation in your hands and feet, it’s probably not the lovey dovey kind. One of the effects of hyperglycemia is nerve damage. It may give you a ‘pins and needles’ like feeling on the extremities, often exhibiting a glove and stocking distribution. Patients may describe it as discomfort or burning as well.

3. Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetes has a dark side. Literally. It can damage the blood vessels that supply the retina (light-sensitive tissue responsible for vision) situated at the back of the eye. According to the National Eye Institute, it is the most common cause of vision loss among diabetics and the leading cause of vision impairment and blindness among working-age adults! That’s a huge life adjustment for anyone! Signs and symptoms are usually progressive in nature:

  • Floaters

  • Distorted vision

  • Blurred vision

  • Micro-aneurysms

  • Hemorrhages

4. Diabetic nephropathy

One of the major organs affected by diabetes is the kidney. It ends up becoming a long-term kidney disease caused by long-standing diabetes. It can even lead to end stage kidney disease or kidney failure! Symptoms include:

  • Swelling of feet or ankles

  • Puffiness around the eyes

  • Increased urination

  • Confusion

  • Difficulty in concentrating

  • Nausea and vomiting

5. Non -Alcoholic Fatty liver disease

This term is pretty self-explanatory of the condition. It’s a very common disorder in which there is accumulation of excess fat in the liver of people who consume no or little to none alcohol. Diabetes is one the causes of a fatty liver. Liver function may be compromised and symptoms may manifest as:

  • jaundice or yellowish discoloration of the skin

  • mild pain on the right side of the abdomen beneath the ribs

  • fatigue

  • nausea

  • vomiting

  • flu-like symptoms

Was this enough of a jolt to get you up and moving again?

The question that’s probably piercing you right now is,

How to reverse diabetes?

Thankfully, the treatment of diabetes can in fact reverse the condition. Besides oral hypoglycemic agents and insulin, it really depends on how you treat your body and change your lifestyle for the better.

Diabetes treatment involves:

  • prokinetic agents for gastroparesis

  • gabapentins and pregabalina to improve symptoms of  neuropathy

  • ACE inhibitors, ARBs and diuretics to maintain blood pressure within the target range and relieve stress on kidneys

  • Laser treatments and surgery to treat and promote growth of new blood vessels in the eye

  • Vitrectomy surgery in the eye

These treatment modalities will only help delay the progression of disease and are of little use if you don’t buck up and grab the reins of your own horse soon!

You will have to make different choices now, to not only improve your symptoms but get rid of them completely!Studies show that patients have gotten off their meds and insulin (in T2DM) just by losing weight! In addition to that, you should:

  • Eat healthier

  • Increase activity

  • Exercise

  • Stop smoking

For tips on how to bring about this change click [

To consult with a top-notch diabetologist, go to and book an online appointment today!


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